We broke the story ... Scalia was busted at LAX in October when TSA agents found an unloaded 9mm Glock and a novelty police badge in his bag. He claimed the badge was a gift from Rudy Giuliani. As for the gun, Scalia said he had no clue how it got in there.
But the L.A. City Attorney didn't buy it and charged Scalia with two misdemeanor counts -- one for carrying a concealed firearm and another for taking a prohibited weapon through the sterile area at the airport.
If convicted, Scalia could face up to one and a half years in jail and $2,000 in fines.
Scalia's rep Steve Jaffe tells TMZ ... "Everyone knows Jack's a very bright guy and would never intentionally do such a thing. It was clearly a mistake and it's filed as a misdemeanor. I'm sure it will get worked out."